Beware of Marketing Lies: What Promises VPNs Can’t Deliver On?

In 2023, when online privacy and security are of paramount concern, Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) have surged in popularity. VPN providers promise a wide array of benefits, from anonymous browsing to impregnable security.

However, not all VPN marketing claims hold water, and it is crucial for consumers to be aware of the limitations and potential exaggerations surrounding these services.

This article will delve into the world of VPNs, highlighting what VPNs can genuinely deliver and shedding light on the marketing promises that might not stand up to scrutiny.

Table of Contents

What Is a VPN?

Before we discuss the promises and potential shortcomings of VPNs, let's establish a clear understanding of what a VPN is.

VPN is a technology that allows users to establish a secure, encrypted connection to the internet via a server operated by a VPN provider. This connection masks the user's IP address and routes their online traffic through the VPN server, providing anonymity and enhancing security.

image source: Okta

The VPN technology is not new at all, having been developed in 1996. But, it became widely popular among personal device users in the late 2010s.

Promises VPNs Typically Make

VPN providers often make an array of promises in their marketing campaigns, which can be summarized into the following key claims:

1. Enhanced Online Privacy

Promise: VPNs promise to keep what you’re doing online private by hiding your IP address and the device you’re using, also encrypting your data.

Reality: While a VPN can hide your IP address, your online activities may still be visible to the VPN provider. It is crucial to choose a trustworthy provider with a strict no-logs policy.

2. Anonymity

Promise: Many VPNs claim to make you anonymous online.

Reality: True anonymity is difficult to achieve. Your online behavior and data can still be traced if you aren't cautious about the websites you visit and the information you provide.

3. Bypassing Geographical Restrictions

Promise: VPNs often advertise the ability to access content from anywhere by routing your connection through servers in other countries.

Reality: VPNs can help you bypass geo-restrictions to some extent, but not all content can be accessed due to measures taken by content providers to block VPN users.

4. Unbreakable Security

Promise: VPNs boast of providing top-tier security and encryption.

Reality: While VPNs can enhance security, they are not foolproof. The effectiveness of a VPN depends on the provider's security measures, and even the most secure VPNs can have vulnerabilities.

Limitations of VPNs

It's important to understand that VPNs have limitations, and some marketing promises may not hold up under scrutiny.

Speed Reduction

VPNs can slow down your internet connection. This slowdown can vary depending on the VPN provider, server location, and the encryption protocols used.

While a quality VPN provider aims to minimize this, it's unlikely that a VPN will always improve your connection speed.

image source: CleanMyMac

Data Privacy

Your online data might be more private with a VPN, but it's essential to remember that the VPN provider can see your online activities.

Choosing a VPN with a strict no-logs policy is crucial for enhancing data privacy.

Anonymity Challenges

Achieving true online anonymity is extremely difficult. Your behavior, accounts, and activities can still be linked back to you if you're not cautious, even when using a VPN.

Incompatible Services

Some online services, such as certain streaming platforms and websites, may not work well with VPNs, making it challenging to bypass geo-restrictions on certain content.

Security Vulnerabilities

VPNs can enhance your online security, but they are not invulnerable.

Some VPN providers may have security weaknesses that can be exploited by determined attackers.

image source: Security Magazine

Choosing the Right VPN

To ensure that you get the most out of a VPN while being aware of its limitations, here are some critical considerations when choosing a VPN service:

Privacy Policy

Opt for a VPN provider with a strict no-logs policy to protect your data privacy.


Consider the impact of the VPN on your internet speed and choose a provider that offers fast servers.

Security Features

Look for a VPN with robust encryption, secure protocols, and additional security features, such as a kill switch.

Server Locations

Choose a VPN with servers in the locations you need to access content or services.

image source: NordVPN


Research the provider's reputation and read user reviews to gauge the reliability of the VPN service.

Is a VPN Enough for Total Privacy?

True, VPN services can be invaluable tools for enhancing online privacy and security, as well as bypassing geo-restrictions on certain content. However, it's essential to be aware of the limitations of VPNs and to approach marketing claims with a critical eye.

By choosing a reputable VPN provider, understanding the potential pitfalls, and using the service wisely, you can enjoy the full benefits of a VPN while minimizing the risk of falling victim to marketing exaggerations.

Always remember that no technology can offer absolute security or anonymity, and a VPN is just one part of a broader strategy for online privacy and security.

VPNs in Practice: Real-World Examples

To better understand the practical implications of VPN promises and limitations, let's take a closer look at a few examples of popular VPN services and their strengths and weaknesses.


ExpressVPN is renowned for its commitment to user privacy and a strict no-logs policy. With servers in almost 100 countries, it allows users to access content from virtually anywhere.

While it excels in maintaining user privacy, it may not be the fastest VPN, and its pricing can be on the higher side compared to some competitors.

Nevertheless, it is often the go-to choice for those seeking a balance between privacy and access.


NordVPN is known for its strong focus on user anonymity. It provides extra layers of security through features like Double VPN, which routes your connection through two servers.

This VPN service has a vast server network and is an excellent choice for those looking to bypass geographical restrictions.

However, like many VPNs, it can experience variable speeds, and its user interface can be a bit overwhelming for newcomers.

CyberGhost VPN

CyberGhost VPN boasts a wide range of servers in various locations, allowing users to access geo-restricted content with ease. Its user-friendly interface makes it easy to understand for beginners.

On the downside, some power users might find its features lacking, and there have been occasional reports of slower connections during peak usage times.


Surfshark offers additional layers of security with features like CleanWeb to block ads and malware.

It also allows unlimited simultaneous connections, making it an attractive option for those with multiple devices.

On the downside, it might not be as fast as some other premium VPNs, and its server network is smaller in comparison.


ClearVPN is known for its easy-to-use interface, making it suitable for beginners. It offers a streamlined, one-click approach for various online activities. The service boasts a large network of servers across numerous locations, providing good global coverage and reliable connectivity.

Users often report good connection speeds, which is crucial for streaming and general internet use.
However, ClearVPN might not be suitable for advanced users seeking in-depth customization or specific security features like split tunneling or dedicated IP addresses.

Also, ClearVPN is a relatively new entrant in the VPN market, which may raise questions about its long-term reliability and reputation.

How VPNs Impact Internet Speed

As mentioned earlier, VPNs can reduce your internet speed due to various factors. These include the distance to the VPN server, the encryption and tunneling protocols used, and the server load. The impact on speed can vary significantly depending on the VPN provider.

If you prioritize speed, consider a VPN provider with a wide range of servers and the option to choose the server that's closest to your physical location.

Also, be mindful of the VPN's encryption settings. While strong encryption is essential for security, it can impact speed. Some VPNs offer the flexibility to adjust the level of encryption to balance security and speed.

Data Privacy and No-Logs Policies

One of the most critical aspects of choosing a VPN is understanding its data privacy policy. A strict no-logs policy means that the VPN provider does not keep records of your online activities.

However, not all VPNs offer the same level of privacy protection. Some VPN providers may collect minimal data for troubleshooting purposes, while others might keep extensive logs, which can compromise your privacy.

image source: Privacy Canada

Always read a VPN's privacy policy and terms of service carefully to ensure that it aligns with your privacy requirements. Additionally, consider where the VPN provider is based, as the laws governing data retention and user privacy can vary by country.

Balancing Security and Speed

VPN security is a double-edged sword. While strong encryption and security protocols protect your data from prying eyes, they can also slow down your internet connection.

To strike a balance, some VPNs offer various security features and allow users to choose different encryption levels. For instance, you might opt for a less secure but faster protocol for activities like streaming, reserving stronger encryption for sensitive tasks.

Remember, the more you compromise on security, the more you expose yourself to potential vulnerabilities. So, weigh your security needs against your need for speed carefully.

Staying Informed and Adapting

The online landscape is constantly evolving, with new threats and challenges emerging regularly.

VPNs are just one tool in your arsenal for online privacy and security. It's crucial to stay informed about the latest developments in the world of cybersecurity and adapt your strategies accordingly.

In summary, while VPNs can offer numerous benefits, such as enhanced privacy and access to geo-restricted content, they are not a one-size-fits-all solution.

Each VPN has its strengths and limitations, and the right choice depends on your specific needs and priorities.

By understanding the promises and limitations of VPNs, you can make informed decisions to protect your online activities while navigating the ever-changing digital landscape.

Mark Coulman
About Mark Coulman

Cybersecurity expert with a keen interest in technology and digital privacy. Mark has more than 14 years of experience in creating and managing various reliable WEB applications for IT companies in the EU and the US. Loves 3-4 letter words like PHP, XML, HTML, CSS, DB2, ASP, CRM, ERP, SAP, etc.